What is FASD?
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual prenatally exposed to alcohol. These effects may include physical, mental, behavioral and/or learning disabilities with lifelong implications. Fetal Alcohol Syndrom (FAS), Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS), Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) and Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) are the diagnosed conditions associated with prenatal alcohol exposure.
Who is at Risk?
Any woman is at risk of having a child with an FASD if she drinks alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol can harm an embryo or fetus at any time, even before a woman knows she is pregnant. Many women drink early in pregnancy but stop drinking when they learn they are pregnant – these women are still at risk. Others cannot stop drinking without help. Women who have given birth to children with an FASD are at very high risk of having additional children with an FASD.